Ayrouard, Jacques

Antique plan of the port of Livorno, Italy

Plan du Port et Rade de Livourne

DESCRIPTION: Antique French port plan / chart for the town of Livorno, Italy located on the western coast of the Tuscany region. The antique chart is by Jacques Ayrouard (Marseilles ca. 1732- 1746) from a scarce atlas titled: "Recueil de Plusiers Plans des Ports et Rades et de Quelque Cartes Particulieres de la Mer Mediterranee".

Ayrouard identifies a few key landmarks including several offshore: a "fanal" or lighthouse and another the "Tour de la Marsoque". On land only a few landmarks are noted including "Les 4 gigantes" a reference to the Four Moors statue (the engraver includes a tiny icon-like representation of the statue) next to "la darce" or the old port for Livorno; a church- St. Francois; and of course the walled town of Livorno ("Livourne") itself.

In the attribution Ayrouard is described as "Pilot Real" or pilot of la Reale, the flagship of the French galley corps with a total complement of about 550 including 360 oarsmen and 100 soldiers. In their Dictionnaire de la Marine from 1702 Covens and Mortier explain:
"(Réale) is the name of the main galley of an independent kingdom, not of a tributary kingdom annexed to a greater one. The Réale, in France, is reserved for the general of the galleys and flies the royal ensign which distinguishes it from the others. This ensign is square in shape and red in colour, with golden fleurs-de-lys." (Internet)
Ayrouard was likely one of the last such pilots as the French Corps des Galeres was disbanded in 1748 and incorporated into the regular French sailing navy.

CREATOR: Ayrouard, Jacques



BODY OF WATER: Mediterranean Sea

CONDITION: Good.  On strong laid paper with ample margins. Minor age-toning and offsetting.


ENGRAVER: Louis Corne

SIZE: 17 " x 11 "


PRICE: $525


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