British Admiralty Hydrographical Office

1875

Antique Chart of Bluff Harbor and Invercargill, New Zealand

Awarua or Harbr. of the Bluff and New River / surveyed by J.L. Stokes and the officers of H.M.S. Acheron, 1850 ; soundings and additions to New River from a survey by J.T. Thompson in 1856.

DESCRIPTION: Large British Hydrographic charts of Bluff Harbor on the southern coast of South Island, New Zealand. Located across the Foveaux Strait from Bluff is Stewart Island (not shown). Bluff is one of the oldest areas on New Zealand where Europeans established a presence. The first European settlers arrived around 1823. A second, enlarged scale chart is at right of "Entrance of Awarua or Bluff Harbour."

With an inset chart "Continuation of New River to Invercargill / surveyed by Mr J.T. Thomson, 1856." Invercargill is the southernmost and westernmost sizeable city in New Zealand, and among cities with a population of over 50,000 is the 5th southernmost city in the world. (Internet)

The chart denotes the location of Maori settlements including: "Old village of Te Whero"; "Owi Village"; "Omawi Village"; and a "Freshwater Spot". At upper right, sailing directions for Bluff Harbor from Mr. Thomson, Harbor Master in 1865 includes instructions for boarding a pilot:
"Vessels from the Eastward, taking the passage between Dog Island and the sands, should give the island a half mile berth and steer about West for Look-out Point till Starling Pt. bears North, then steer in to pass about 1 1/2 cables length [ a cable length is about 100 fathoms or 600 feet] off Starling Pt. leaving the red buoys on the starboard hand and when abreast of it the pilot boat will be seen.

Manuscript marginal notations (sailing directions) in French and two manuscript additions of bouys to the chart suggest that this chart was actually used for navigation in that area.

Based on surveys of Captain J. L. Stokes of the HMS Acheron. Stokes served as assistant surveyor aboard the HMS Beagle during its well-known voyage around the world with Charles Darwin in 1833-36.

CREATOR: British Admiralty Hydrographical Office

PUBLICATION DATE: 1875

GEOGRAPHIC AREA: New Zealand

BODY OF WATER: Tasman Sea

CONDITION: Good.  On heavy paper swith a single small repaired 1/32" hole on the vertical margin. Clean. Wide margins.

COLORING: None

ENGRAVER: J. & C. Walker

SIZE: 37 " x 24 "

ITEM PHYSICAL LOCATION: 

PRICE: $1375


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