Pomeroy, S.T.

Manuscript early map of Pennsylvania Oil Fields

Penn Oil Regions

DESCRIPTION: A hand-drawn antique map, a historical cartographic artifact related to the early days of oil production along the Allegheny River in the U.S.A. An unrecorded foundational map for U.S. oil production created by S.T. Pomeroy six years after oil was first commercially produced in Pennsylvania. The main focus of the oil-field map seems to be a series of leases (in yellow) along Pine Run Creek.

This one-of-a-kind pen and ink manuscript map of oil fields in Pennsylvania was created during a time of great speculative excitement just six years after Edwin L. Drake struck "rock oil" at Titusville, Pennsylvania in Oil Creek Valley in 1859. Drawn by hand by Pomeroy in 1865, near the end of the Civil War, coverage includes lands, leases, wells, and waterways beginning about 8 miles south of Titusville.

Shows the Allegheny River and Clarion Rivers and the significant tributaries of Oil Creek, Pit Hole Creek, East Sandy Creek, Pine Hill Run, Big Sandy, and Hemlock Creek. With newly developed Oil City, Franklin, and President, Pennsylvania as well as a clear route for the turnpike linking Oil City, Sandy, and Franklin. One well near the confluence of the Allegheny River and East Sandy Creek is shown as producing 250 barrels daily, quite a prolific output in those days.

The Pomeroy name was somewhat common in Pennsylvania during that time period, but details on the map of islands in the Allegheny River and the wells along the rivers and creek suggest a nautical connection. Pomeroy's Oil Creek Boat Express operated a river-barge, the "Pomeroy Express" along Oil Creek.

(Sketches in Crude Oil: Some Accidents and Incidents of the Petroleum …) https://books.google.com/books

CREATOR: Pomeroy, S.T.



BODY OF WATER: Oil Creek / Allegheny River

CONDITION: Good.  Small chips at left margins. Very short 1/8" margins all around. A few pinholes at intersection of folds. Minor fold splits repaired archivally from verso.

COLORING: Hand color.


SIZE: 15 " x 12 "


PRICE: $3750


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