DESCRIPTION: Antique French plan of the city of New Orleans, Louisiana ("la Nouvelle Orleans") from the period of French colonization ca. 1753. This antique city plan of New Orleans was based on a manuscript map created approximately 25 years after the city was founded on the east bank of the Mississippi river. This neat hand-colored, copper-plate engraved map shows the city laid out with French Quarter streets most residents would recognize today including Bienville, Bourbon, Chartres, Royale and at the center of the plan- Jackson Square. Note the spelling of Mississippi below the town with one "P" as "Fleuve Mississipi".
Nineteen key points within the city are keyed to a legend on the map just below the title. These key points within early New Orleans include:
Interestingly, what appears to be a defensive wall around the city is labeled "fosse' plein d'eau". Fosse' is French for "canal". Therefore, even at this relatively early point in its history New Orleans, Louisiana had a canal originating in the vicinity of today's Canal Street. An opening for a gate labeled "St. Jean" would have allowed access to a road leading to Bayou St. John, then an important route to points East. Plate number 19.
- Place d'Armes (today's Jackson Square)
- l'Eglise Paroissiale (parish church)
- Poudriere (powder magazine)
- Magasins du Roi (Royal stores)
- Nouvelle Maison du Urselines (or new home for the Ursuline nuns, an important force in early New Orleans)
- Forges du Roi (the King's forge or metalworking shop)
- Moulin a vent et a Cheval (a mill operated by the wind and horse )
CREATOR: Bellin, Jacques Nicolas
PUBLICATION DATE: 1753
GEOGRAPHIC AREA: United States
BODY OF WATER: Mississippi River
CONDITION: Very Good.
Strong impression. On strong, chain-laid paper. Slight trace of appropriate age-toning.
COLORING: Careful hand-color.