Bellin, Jacques Nicolas
1744

Plan of New Orleans French Quarter German ed.

GUNDRISS von NEU-ORLEANS Nach den Manuscripten in dem Schatze der Karten der Marine. van N.B. Ing. de la M. 1744.

DESCRIPTION: German edition of J.N. Bellin's well-known plan of the city of New Orleans, based on a manuscript document created approximately 15 years after the city was founded along high ground on the east bank of the Mississippi river. This plan from New Orlean's French colonial period, shows the city neatly laid out with streets most residents would recognize today as the French Quarter.

The plan is based on a design initially created by military engineers Adrien de Pauger and Le Blond de la Tour in 1722. That plan envisoned a street grid extending six blocks northward from the Mississippi River, a plan that was likely scaled back in 1729 as a result of the Natchez Indian massacre of settlers at Fort Rosalie near Natchez Mississippi. At that point security became paramount. This plan by Bellin is more similar to an unsigned manuscript plan of New Orleans from 1732, which showed the city extending only 4 blocks north from the river, and partially surrounded by a defensive moat. The new emphasis on security, when the population totaled less than 2000 persons, is reflected in some of the other features found in Bellin's plan: guardhouses, a powder magazine, and a single bridge controlling access across the moat to the city. Those features were absent in Pauger's plan.

This plan was probably published in a German edition of Charlevoix's 'History and General Description of New France' which was originally published in French from Paris during 1744. (Source: Lemmon, Alfred E., John T Magill, and Jason R. Wiese. Charting Louisiana. The Historic New Orleans Collection. 2003).


View this similar, larger map by Isaac Tirion from 1769.




CREATOR: Bellin, Jacques Nicolas

PUBLICATION DATE: 1744

GEOGRAPHIC AREA: United States

BODY OF WATER: Mississippi River

CONDITION: Very Good  Strong impression. Two vertical folds as issued.

COLORING: None

ENGRAVER: 

SIZE: 10 " x 7 "

ITEM PHYSICAL LOCATION: 3

PRICE: $375

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