Herrera y Tordesillas, Antonio de

Scarce 1622 map of Central America including Costa Rica

Description de Audiencia de Guatimala

DESCRIPTION: Scarce map of the "Audiencia" or province of "Guatimala", then comprised of southern Mexico, Honduras, El Salvador, Nicaragua, Costa Rica, and Belize. From "Descripción de la Audiencia de Guatemala, compuesta por el Licenciado Don Antonio de Remesal, del Consejo de Su Majestad, su Oidor y Relator, año de 1618" by Antonio de Herrera y Tordesillas. In the "Descripción de la Audiencia de Guatemala," Herrera y Tordesillas covers a wide range of topics, including the geography and climate of the region, the indigenous peoples who lived there, and the Spanish efforts to establish colonial rule. He also provides detailed accounts of the major cities and towns, as well as the various institutions that made up the colonial administration.

Some of the locations noted on the map include: the Gulf of Fonseca, San Miguel, San Salvador, Santiago de Guatemala, Chiapa de Corzo, Soconusco, the Gulf of Honduras, Puerto Cortes (Puerto de Caballos); Trujillo; and the islands of Coiba and Cébaco, Panama. In Costa Rica, Herrera y Tordesillas identifies among other features: Nicoya, Isla de Chira, Cartago (16 mi. east of San Jose), and El Castillo (near the Arenal volcano).

Antonio de Herrera y Tordesillas (1549-1625)

Antonio de Herrera y Tordesillas (1549-1625) was a Spanish historian and chronicler, known for his contributions to the study of the Spanish conquest of the Americas. In addition to his more well-known work, "Historia de las Indias," Herrera y Tordesillas also wrote the "Descripción de la Audiencia de Guatemala," a detailed account of the Spanish colonial administration in Guatemala during the 16th century.

Antonio de Herrera y Tordesillas was born in Cuéllar, Spain, in 1549. His father, Diego Fernández de Herrera, was a wealthy landowner, and his mother was a member of the Tordesillas family, which had ties to the royal court. Herrera y Tordesillas received a humanistic education at the University of Salamanca, where he studied Latin, Greek, and other classical languages.

After completing his studies, Herrera y Tordesillas entered the service of the Spanish government, holding a number of administrative positions in the royal court and the Council of the Indies. In 1575, he was appointed to the position of chief chronicler of the Indies, which gave him access to important documents and accounts of the Spanish conquest of the Americas. This position would shape his career as a historian and chronicler of the New World.

CREATOR: Herrera y Tordesillas, Antonio de



BODY OF WATER: Bay of Honduras

CONDITION: Very good.  Clean with ample margins. Centerfold reinforcement from the verso.

COLORING: Attractive wash hand color.


SIZE: 12 " x 8 "


PRICE: $600


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